Newman keenly observed in his seminal work on The Idea of a University that where students, “keen, open hearted, sympathetic and observant come together and freely mix with one another, [they]are sure to learn from one another, even if there is no one to teach them.” ( Discourse VI, first published in 1952).
In another private letter written in 1873 he stated that, broadly speaking, ‘a residence without Examinations comes nearer to the idea of a University Education than examinations without residence’.